Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A martial art for self-defense or sport. Created by the Gracie family by modifying Judo and Japanese Jujutsu BJJ using leverage and technique a smaller person can defend against a larger.


What is BJJ?

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art and combat sport that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting with the goal of gaining a dominant position and using joint-locks and chokeholds to force an opponent to submit or be knocked out depending on the submission method used.  It promotes the principle that a smaller, weaker person using leverage and proper technique can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger assailant.  BJJ can be trained for self defense, sport grappling tournaments and mixed martial arts (MMA) competition.  Sparring and live drilling play a major role in training, and a premium is placed on performance, especially in competition.



History of BJJ

The art began with Mitsuyo Maeda (often referred to as Count Maeda), a Japanese expert judoka and member of Japan’s Kodokan. Maeda was one of five of the Kodokan's top groundwork experts that Judo's founder Kano Jigoro sent overseas to spread his art to the world. Maeda left Japan in 1904 and visited a number of countries giving demonstrations and accepting challenges from various martial artists before eventually arriving in Brazil on November 14, 1914.


In Brazil, Maeda met an influential businessman named Gastão Gracie who helped him get established. In 1917, his son Carlos Gracie, still a 14 year-old boy, watched a demonstration by Maeda at the Teatro da Paz and decided to learn Jujutsu (latter called Jiu-Jitsu in its Brazilian interpretation).


In 1921, Gastão Gracie and his family moved to Rio de Janeiro. Carlos, then 17 years old, passed Maeda's teachings on to his brothers Osvaldo, Gastão and Jorge. Hélio was too young and sick at that time to learn the art, and due to medical imposition was prohibited to take part in the training sessions. Despite that, Hélio learned Jiu-Jitsu by watching his brothers. He eventually overcame his health problems and is now considered by many as the founder of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.


Our Program

The Marshfield BJJ program is an official affiliate of 8th Degree Black Belt, Rigan Machado.  The Machado Brothers were born into jiu-jitsu growing up training with their uncles Carlos Gracie Sr. and Helio Gracie and cousins; Rolls, Rickson, Renzo, Royce and Rolker. The Machado style of jiu-jitsu is know for its strong basics, flowing motion and positional control.